Zika Virus FAQ

Zika Virus FAQ
Zika Virus FAQ

Zika Virus FAQ

Zika Virus FAQ

The National Pest Management Association is monitoring the situation closely and is working to help educate the American public about ways in which they can avoid personal contact with mosquitoes and how to eliminate mosquito breeding grounds to reduce biting mosquito populations here at home. Zika virus is spread by the same mosquitoes that transmit chikungunya and dengue. From the National Pest Management Association, here are some frequently asked questions.

How is Zika virus transmitted?
Zika virus is spread through the bite of an infected Aedes genus of mosquitoes, which is the same mosquito species that carries dengue fever and chikungunya. Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are the primary carriers, but Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, also known as the Asian tiger mosquito, might also transmit the virus.

Where is Zika virus found?
The growing pandemic is currently present in South and Central America. Please reference the CDC’s Travel Alerts for more information on areas of concern. There have also been reports of Zika virus cases in Illinois, Florida, Texas, New York and more, but all of the individuals obtained the disease while traveling to countries where Zika virus is endemic.

What are the chances of an outbreak in the United States?
While we can’t speculate on the virus and its potential to spread, it is better to be prepared and practice vigilance in mosquito control by protecting yourself from coming into contact with mosquitoes and by eliminating breeding grounds at home should there begin to be cases of local transmission here in the United State. So far, all human cases reported in the U.S. have resulted from travel abroad.

How can I prevent mosquitoes?
Most counties have a mosquito abatement program in place to minimize the local population and help keep the public safe. These programs typically involve trapping mosquitoes in different areas and testing them for known pathogens. This helps monitor the spread of diseases and warn the public of risks in the area. County programs may also include plans for periodic spraying or fogging to eliminate adult mosquitoes. Other preventative methods include:
• Eliminate areas of standing water around the home such as flowerpots, birdbaths, baby pools, grill covers and other objects where water collects. Mosquitoes lay their eggs in water where the larvae develop and need only about 0.5 inch of water to breed.

• Screen all windows and doors. Repair even the smallest tear or hole.

• Minimize outside activity between dusk and dawn, when the majority of mosquitoes are most active.

• If you must spend time outdoors during peak mosquito times, or when you will be outdoors for extended periods, wear long pants and sleeves and use an insect repellent containing DEET, picaridin or oil of lemon-eucalyptus.

• It is especially important to wear effective insect repellents and protective clothing if traveling outside the U.S. Mosquito-borne diseases that may be rare in the U.S. are common in many foreign countries.

• If you are concerned about mosquito activity on your property, contact a pest management company or your local health department.

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